According to an IBM press release, IBM and the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) have started a project to model the human brain.
Using the model they will be able to "run computer-based simulations of the brain at the molecular level, shedding light on internal processes such as thought, perception and memory...[and]... to understand more about how and why certain microcircuits in the brain malfunction – thought to be the cause of psychiatric disorders such as autism, schizophrenia and depression."
IBM says: "The first phase of the project will be to make a software replica of a column of the neocortex. The neocortex constitutes about 85% of the human brain’s total mass and is thought to be responsible for the cognitive functions of language, learning, memory and complex thought. An accurate replica of the neocortical column is the essential first step to simulating the whole brain and also will provide the link between genetic, molecular and cognitive levels of brain function. The second and subsequent phases will be to expand the simulation to include circuitry from other brain regions and eventually the whole brain.".